How to change a nappy, assist in preventing nappy rash and prevent the spread of germs
To help avoid nappy rash (or diaper rash) and prevent the spread of germs during nappy changing, good hygiene in important. But which nappies should one use? And what are the health hazards to look out for? Read our baby changing basics mentioned below.
Which is the best nappy for my baby and what other materials do I need?
There are two types of nappies: disposable and reusable. A recent study showed that neither of them is better or worse for the environment, so which should you go for?
Disposable nappies are extremely absorbent, and thus it keeps your baby’s skin dry which keeps nappy rash at bay. They’re also highly convenient – once they are dirty, you simply have to roll them up and throw them away.
Reusable nappies have low absorbing power but are most cost-effective – they can be re-used over and over again. To prevent nappy rash, simple replace them more regularly. You can wash cloth nappies with Dettol Antiseptic Liquid (1 tbsp in 500ml of water) to keep them hygienic and safeguard your baby from germs.
Changing mats are a comfy and hygienic place to change your baby’s nappy. Opt for one that is washable and protect it from rips to avoid the build-up of harmful bacteria.
Baby changing tips:
- Undo the soiled nappy, lift baby’s legs up by the ankles and remove the nappy, keeping it out of baby’s reach
- Use cotton balls, or baby wipes to dab your baby from front to back (wiping back to front can spread bacteria and lead to urinary tract infection)
- In case of boys, it’s advisable to place a dry nappy over the penis during changing as exposure to air can make boys urinate. When clean, place the penis downwards before fastening the nappy to avoid leaks around the waistline.
- Fold the waistline of the nappy below the umbilical cord
- Clean and sanitize the changing mat after changing your baby’s nappy to restrict the spread of germs. In case water is not easily available, use Dettol Wipes to sterilize your hands.
- Store used disposable nappies in a plastic bag or nappy sack and dump it in an outdoor rubbish bin
- Wash reusable nappies different from your regular clothing. Remove any residue from the nappy with the help of a tissue and discard to the toilet. Then clean the nappy on a prewash cycle followed by a hot wash (higher than 60°C). On the other hand, use a hot wash with Dettol Antiseptic Liquid to get rid of germs.
- Changing nappy is a big part of being a new mother. If your child’s nappy is frequently wet, changed irregularly, or if they are suffering from diarrhea or a reaction to laundry soaps, it can lead to a nappy rash – inflamed skin that appears bright red on your baby’s bottom.
To treat nappy rash at home:
- Replace their nappy regularly and use a bigger size to avoid chafing and promote healing
- Clean your baby’s bottom using water after every change, refrain from using soap
- Softly pat your baby dry with a soft towel – do not rub
- Apply a nappy rash cream or ointment suggested by your Health Care Professional
- Let your baby roam around without a nappy for some time to let some air reach the bottom
- After healing, consider regular usage of ointment as a moisture barrier against nappy rash. Use sparingly so that you don’t end up clogging the nappy.