Diarrhoea also known as loose motion is an illness that makes you pass looser or more stool as compared to usual. It could be a result Gastroenteritis, also known as stomach flu. It is nothing but the inflammation of the stomach or intestine caused by microbial infection. In normal circumstances, Diarrhoea only lasts for 2-4 days without the need of particular medical treatment. However, severe diarrhoea possesses a threat to your life. The major reason behind this could be dehydration undergone by your body, as it steadily loses fluids with every passing of motion. Malnourished people, infants, young kids, malnourished and people with weak immunity have more prone to the risk of being a victim of such dangerous infection. Diarrhoea is the second leading cause of death in the children below age of 5 years. To show it in numbers, stats from a research show that more than 700,000 children in this particular age group die of diarrhoea, which is the second leading cause of death in this age group.
Symptoms of Diarrhoea
A person suffering from diarrhoea may experience one or more from the following:
- Watery stools
- Upset stomach or cramps
- Nausea and vomiting
- Loss of appetite
Bouts of diarrhoea dissipate after a couple of days but the affected person needs to stay hydrated all the time during this period.
There is no substitute to drinking plenty of fluids. Oral Rehydration Solution or ORS mixed with water, works wonders in restoring lost minerals and salts.
Maintain a normal diet, low on or devoid of spice, salt and sugar. For babies with diarrhoea, you should continue to feed/breastfeed them as normal.
For adults, a case of diarrhoea that’s lasted more than a week is a serious cause for concern and medical help must be sought immediately.
What causes Diarrhoea?
Diarrhoeal infections are caused by ingestion of contaminated food and water, contamination by dirty hands or exposure to faecal matter. Some common germs that cause gastro-enteritis and subsequently diarrhoea are:
- Bacteria. E.g. Salmonella or Escherichia (E. coli)
- Viruses. E.g. Norovirus or rotavirus
- Parasites. E.g. Giardia intestinalis
Diarrhoea, is a disease that can be prevented if several simple measures are taken. The risk of sudden outbreak of diarrhoea can be reduced to a great extent by maintaining provisions for safe drinking water, facilities for safe and hygienic disposal of human waste. What can also make a huge difference in preventing diarrhoea is the maintenance of proper personal hygiene. By washing our hands with Dettol Liquid Handwash after visiting the toilet and before preparing/eating food, diarrhoea can be controlled easily.