Food poisoning or foodborne illness is a result of consumption of spoiled, rotten, contaminated or toxic food. Being an uncomfortable ailment, food poisoning is not unusual among the masses. According to the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) report, as many as 50 million people fall sick due to food poisoning every year. There are chances that symptoms of food poisoning may go undetected because the symptoms can vary with respect to source of the infection. The amount of time taken to determine the symptoms depends on the source of the infection, but it can range from as little as 1 hour to more than 28 days. Common cases of food poisoning may include following symptoms.
If at all you find yourself dealing with a bout of food poisoning, the first thing you should consider is to hydrate yourself. It is essential to keep drinking lot of water or electrolyte-fortified solutions as it will help you flush out all the chemicals infecting your system. It is also important to avoid alcoholic drinks, sugary drinks and caffeinated beverages as it may cause dehydration.
Nausea and vomiting are the most common symptoms of food poisoning. However, it is not defined as and when will the symptoms show up because it largely depends on which strain of bacteria is responsible for your sickness. Some bacteria are found in meats, hummus, or raw milk and soft cheeses, which can trigger their symptoms anywhere from three to 70 days after exposure, while Salmonella can start showing effects in 12 to 72 hours itself.
Another obvious food-poisoning symptom is Diarrhea. The question arises is how to distinguish the normal diarrhea caused by a stomach virus from diarrhea caused out of food poisioning? Clues can be found in the type of diarrhea. Norovirus is a common cause of stomach flu and it can be spread via food handled by a contaminated individual. It causes watery diarrhea, most commonly in adults. Meanwhile, E. coli virus is known for contaminating beef and Campylobacter a waterborne can both cause bloody diarrhea. Food poisoning is not the cause of bloody diarrhea in most cases.
Many forms of bacteria such as Listeria and Campylobacter are responsible for causing fever. It is most likely to be accompanied by digestive symptoms. However, if fever persists for more than 48 hours, don’t wait further to consult a doctor.
Some of these symptoms can be severe, based on the type of food poisoning that you are affected with. A simple and effective way of avoiding food poisoning is washing hands regularly, especially with a disincentive like Dettol Liquid Handwash. This has to be done after using the toilet and before preparing or eating food.