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Causes of stomach infection and how to prevent it from happening

Causes of stomach infection

Stomach infection also known as bacterial gastroenteritis happens when your gut is affected by bacterial infection. This leads to inflammation in your intestines and stomach. You will also experience symptoms like vomiting, diarrhea and severe abdominal cramps.

While viruses are behind the majority of gastrointestinal infections, bacterial infections are also normal. This infection is also called "food poisoning."

Even poor hygiene can cause stomach infection. Infection can also take place if you come in close contact with animals or drink water contaminated with bacteria.

Let us look at some of the symptoms of a stomach infection:

The symptoms of bacterial gastroenteritis vary depending on the bacteria that are causing the infection. The symptoms include:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Fever
  • Blood in your stools
  • Diarrhea
  • Abdominal cramps and pains
  • Vomiting and nausea

Contact your doctor if the symptoms do not improve after 5 days (two days in case of children). If a three-month old child continues to vomit after 12 hours, consult a doctor. If a baby younger than that has diarrhea or vomiting, immediately consult a doctor.

Causes of stomach infection:

Numerous bacteria can cause stomach infection, including:

  • Yersinia, found in pork
  • Staphylococcus, which is found in dairy products like meat and eggs
  • Shigella, found in water (especially swimming pools)
  • Salmonella, which is found in meat, eggs, and dairy products
  • Campylobacter, which is found in poultry and meat
  • E.coli, which is found in salads and ground beef

How to treat bacterial gastroenteritis? The prime motive is to keep you hydrated and avoid complications. It is really crucial that you don't end up losing too much salt, such as potassium and sodium. Your body needs them in certain amounts to function smoothly. If you have an acute case of stomach infection, you may be admitted in hospital and given salts and fluids intravenously. Antibiotics are administered in severe cases.

Some home remedies for mild cases

If you have a mild stomach infection, you can possibly treat your illness at home. Try the following:

  • Consume fluids throughout the day, especially after diarrhea and bouts
  • Eat regularly but less. Include food that is salty
  • Eat food and drinks that have potassium, such as bananas and fruit juice
  • Do not take any medicine without consulting the doctor
  • Go to the hospital if you fail to keep the fluids down
  • Once you are done using the utensils, clean them with Dettol Multi-use Hygiene liquid

A few ingredients available at home can assist you in keeping your electrolytes balanced and cure diarrhea.

  • Ginger can help in combating infection and reduce the severity of stomach and abdominal pain.
  • Apple cider vinegar and basil would help in soothing your stomach and strengthening your stomach against future infections.

How to prevent stomach infection from spreading?

If you are suffering from a stomach infection, take necessary precautions to avoid spreading the bacteria to others.

Make sure that you wash your hands after visiting the washroom and before you touch food. You can add an additional layer of security by washing your hands with Dettol Liquid Handwash. Try not to prepare food for others until your symptoms improve. Do not come in close contact with other people when you are ill. Once your symptoms subside, wait for at least 48 hours before you resume work.

You can keep stomach infections at bay by avoiding raw shellfish, raw meat, and unpasteurized milk.